Following In the Footprints of Christ


When was the last time you stopped to think about the type of lifestyle you’re leading before the world system? I don’t know about you my dear friend and blog reader.

But, this is a really pointed question which I’ve had to ask myself time and time again; in order, to truly ensure my walk of faith with the Lord Jesus Christ.

In fact, I’ve found myself living somewhat short of the calling of the Lord God in a area or two of my personal life. Thus, the Biblical saying “for all have sinned and come short of the glory of God.” (Romans 3:23)

You see; whenever, we’re not following, Jesus Christ, in total submission and obedience we don’t look for people to follow us into disobedience. Instead, we depend on those who turly love us in Christ Jesus to correct us an place us back on the right path of His (Christ) righteousness.

Then, it’s after confessing my sins before a loving, caring, redeemer Savior. That, I can be restored to a right relationship with Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior.

Then like, Pual the Apostle, I can truly say follow me as I follow Christ Jesus. (See, 1 Corinthians 11:1)

It’s as we learn to follow in the footprints of our wonderful Savior, Jesus Christ. That, we each will learn there’s nothing which can separate us from the divinely given love of God. (See, Romans 8:38, 39)486802_4639145948730_1956069612_n

As we follow those who’re following, Jesus Christ, we’re in fact being daily confromed to the image of His Son. That, He (Jesus Christ) might be the firstborn among many brethren. (See, Romans 8:29, 30)

Man Is Not To Change What God Says


Man does not have the authority to change the will of God on any subject.  There are a lot of false teachings that are being passed off as the truth.  We have been given severe warnings in the Bible concerning any changes we try to make to God’t word.  As we have already seen in Galatians 1:6-9, if we pervert the gospel by changing it, we will be accursed.

     Another such warning comes in the closing verses of the Bible.  Revelation 22:18-19 says, “For I testify unto everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book, if anyone adds to these things, God will add to him the plagues that are written in this book; And if anyone takes away from the words of this book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the Book of Life, and from the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.”  Additions, subtractions, and substitutions to what God has commanded is disobedient and sinful.  We have a standard today, and we are warned not to add to or take away from it.  These are very stern warnings that should get our undivided attention.

    Dove%20and%20Water%20Only_medium How much stronger warnings could God give to those who try to make changes to His will when they change immersion into sprinkling, or to change the necessity of baptism for one to receive forgiveness of sins and be saved to their saying that baptism is not necessary for salvation.  God has said plainly that it is necessary.  We do not have the right to dismiss what we do not like.  I cannot think of a more flagrant crime against both God and man than to teach lost sinners, who are wanting to be saved, something different than what God says in the Bible.  To make an impression on them that they are already saved, when God has not promised it, is grievously wrong.

     They also say one’t sins are forgiven and one is saved when he accepts Christ as his personal savior.  They say he can then be baptized later if he wants to in order to join that particular denomination; but as we have already seen, this contradicts what God has said and will cause many people to be lost eternally.

Since many people will not accept what God says, notice what 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12 says, “Because they did not receive the love of the truth, that they might be saved.  And for this reason God will send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: that they all might be damned who believed not the truth.” 

Do you have enough love for the genuine truth of God’s word that you will obey it instead of the counterfeit doctrines of men?  If you do not then God has promised to send you a strong delusion that you should believe a lie and be damned.  The false doctrines of men will cause many good people to be eternally lost.  There is nothing worse than causing a person to pass from this life with the false hope of going to Heaven.  Anything that differs from what God says in the Bible is false doctrine which is designed by Satan to cause people to be eternally lost in Hell.

     If you were baptized for some reason other than for forgiveness of sins in order to be saved then you do not have salvation and you are still lost.  Who are you going to follow: God or man?  As our Lord warns us in Matthew 15:14, “And if the blind lead the blind, both will fall into a ditch.”  Don’t allow someone, who has added to and taken away from God’t word, to lead you.  Open your eyes and read God’s word for yourself.  Those who have added to and taken away from God’t word will be lost.  If you continue to follow them, then you too will be lost.

What You Need to Do

     In Acts 19:1-5 we have an example of twelve men the apostle Paul met at Ephesus.  They had something wrong with their baptism.  In verses 3-5 we read, “And he said to them, into what then were you baptized?  So they said, into John’s baptism.  Then Paul said, John indeed baptized with a baptism of repentance, saying to the people, that they should believe on Him who would come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus.  When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.”  These twelve men had been taught wrong and thus they could not have been baptized right.  When they found out there was something wrong with their baptism, they made it right. They were then baptized for the right purpose.

If you thought you were saved and your sins forgiven when you accepted Christ as your personal savior and you were baptized a week or so later, then the purpose of your baptism was not for the forgiveness of your sins so you could be saved.  But now you have learned the truth about the purpose of baptism from the scriptures that have been pointed out.  Please don’t rationalize away what you actually did to be saved and now say that you were actually baptized for the forgiveness of sins in order to be saved.  Many people end up doing this.  Please, do not be misled by false man-made doctrines.  Your soul’s salvation depends on your being right with God.dove_water

     Is there something wrong with your baptism?  You may say no, but if there is, we cannot fool God.  He knows for sure and you will suffer the eternal consequences.  It will be a sad day when you stand before the Lord on the Day of Judgment if you find out there is something wrong with your baptism.  Have you been baptized for the right purpose and in the right way?  Baptism, that is done according to scripture, for the right reason and purpose, is such an easy thing to do.  It is not difficult, at all, to make sure it is done right.

What Submission Does and Does Not Mean


Leslie Basham: Nancy Leigh DeMoss considers a basic yet profound question.

Nancy Leigh DeMoss

Nancy Leigh DeMoss

Nancy Leigh DeMoss: If you ask women, do you want your husband to be a godly, responsible leader, to exercise sacrificial love and to willingly assume responsibility for the protection and provision of your family, what would most say?

Leslie: You’re listening to Revive Our Hearts with Nancy Leigh DeMoss for Tuesday, May 18. The True Woman Manifesto contains a series of affirmations, including this one:

When we respond humbly to the male leadership in our homes and our churches, we demonstrate a noble submission to authority that
reflects Christ’s submission to God His Father.

Leslie: Nancy Leigh DeMoss has been teaching through the True Woman Manifesto in several series this year. Tomorrow we’ll see how this affirmation is lived out from a woman who sees the value of biblical submission.

Woman: I’m a quick decision-maker. I’m an aggressive woman. I am happy to step into a leadership role when there is a void. I had to wrestle with this personally quite a bit.

Leslie: But first, Nancy teaches the basics—what submission is, and what it isn’t.

Nancy: The word submit comes from a Greek word, hupotasso. A compound word. Hupo means “under;” tasso “to line up or to get in order or to arrange.” To arrange under. It’s a military term that means to rank beneath or under.

The first thing we need to realize about submission is that God has established order, headship, authority and submission in every sphere of life. In the home, in the church, in the workplace, in the government. Submission is not just for women. Submission is for men. Submission is for young, for old, for married, for single. Everybody has to be under submission to one or more human authorities in their lives and all of us under submission to God’s ultimate sovereign authority.

So submission is something that we all need to understand and embrace. Now in the marriage and the church, which is what we’re focusing on a lot in this True Woman Manifesto, the responsibility for leadership or headship is given by God to men. I know that is politically incorrect. I know it’s counter-cultural. But my authority is the Word of God and that’s just where we have to stand. That’s where we have the privilege of standing. So that’s my starting point and hopefully my ending point as well.

That position is given to men in marriage and in the church. And that’s no small responsibility or challenge for men. Men are responsible to lead, to protect, to provide for the women under their care and to exercise that leadership in a way that is loving and humble and servant-hearted; to seek the best interests of the ones they are leading; to lead and love as Christ leads and loves His Church—not to lord it over them, not to be domineering, not to be lazy or passive.

The responsibility of men is to provide loving, humble, servant-hearted leadership in the home and in the church. Whether they assume and fulfill that responsibility or not, it is still their responsibility.

Our responsibility as women—true women of God—is to respond to that leadership in humility, graciously following and submitting to God-ordained authority. That does not mean we are to be brainless or weak or spineless. In fact, it takes incredible wisdom and strength of character to submit well in a way that is in accordance with the biblical pattern for submission.

Now everything we do as Christians, man or woman, is to be rooted in and motivated by who God is and what He has done for us. Everything we do is to be a picture, an illustration, a demonstration to the world of the character and the ways of God. That’s what we’re doing. We’re glorifying God here on this earth. We’re showing the world what He is like and what spiritual realities are like.

So our submission to God-ordained male authority in the home and in the church illustrates two important spiritual realities and relationships.

  • The first is the Church’s submission to Christ. We want the world to see, we want to demonstrate, we want to model in marriage what it is like for the Church to submit to Christ as her Savior and Lord and Lover.
  • We also, in the context of the home or the church, as we submit to God-ordained male authority, we reflect Christ’s submission to His heavenly Father.

The submission of Christ to His Father, that is a fascinating thing to study in the Scripture. It’s a humbling thing to study. Because Christ is co-equal, co-eternal with God, in no sense inferior to God the Father. They are one.

But Jesus says, and it’s written in Psalm 40, “Behold, I have come; in the scroll of the book it is written of me: I delight to do your will, O my God; your law is within my heart” (verses 7-8). Jesus said He came to earth to do the will of His heavenly Father, to submit Himself to His heavenly Father voluntarily, not under coercion.

John 6:38, Jesus said, “I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will but the will of Him who sent me.” The submission of Christ. We read about it in Philippians 2. Christ “humbled Himself by becoming obedient” (verse 8). Humility and submission go hand in hand. He became obedient even to the point of death when His Father said this is what I want you to do for the sake of My glory and My redemptive plan on earth. Jesus said, “Yes, Lord. Yes, My God. I will do that. I will submit eagerly, willingly, gladly to Your will. I delight to do Your will.”

Not only in coming to this earth in the incarnation and not only in going to the cross, but for all of eternity Jesus will be in submissive relationship to the God with whom He is equal. We cannot do the math on that, but it’s what the Scripture teaches.

I love this passage in 1 Corinthians 15 that pictures this in the end time.

Then comes the end, when he delivers the kingdom to God the Father after destroying every rule and every authority and power. For he [that is Christ] must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. . . . When all things are subjected to him, then the Son himself will also be subjected to him [that is to his father] who put all things in subjection under him that God may be all in all” (1 Corinthians 15:24-25, 28).

Jesus says for all of eternity, My God, I delight to do Your will. When we submit to God-ordained authority, and as women to God-ordained male authority, we are picturing to the world the beautiful, powerful, passionate submission of Christ to His heavenly Father, that God may be all in all.

So we come to that passage in 1 Corinthians 11, verse 3, that says,

I want you to understand that the head of every man is Christ [every man is under authority], the head of a wife is her husband, and the head of Christ is God.

Listen, ladies, when we are asked to submit to God-ordained male authority, we’re asked to be like Jesus. Nothing more, nothing less. In the Trinity there is equal value, but there is also order and submission. When our submission reflects the submission of Christ to His father, it reflects the heart of the gospel, the heart of Christ, who willingly placed Himself under His Father’s authority and obeyed the will of His Father.

Now I think it’s important that we remember that submission is not first and foremost actions, though it results in actions. But first it’s a matter of the heart.

Let me quote John Piper here. He says,

Submission is the divine calling as a wife to honor and affirm her husband’s leadership and help carry it through according to her gifts. It’s the disposition to follow a husband’s authority and an inclination to yield to his leadership.

It’s not just things you do. It’s not just the letter of the law. It’s not just doing what you’re told to do. Submission is a joyful, spirit-filled surrendered disposition and inclination to follow authority and to yield to the leadership of those that God has placed over us. There’s been such abuse of this concept that it just takes time and effort today to correct some of the misimpressions, some of the misinformation, some of the misunderstandings of a topic like this.

Again, one program doesn’t give me time to do that justice, which is why I encourage you to go to some of the other links we’ve provided and go to the Word of God. Study it out and go to some of these other resources and ask God to give you understanding why submission really is a precious gift.

We need to make it clear that submission of women to male headship in the home and in the church is not demeaning of women, that it does not mean that men are superior to women or that men are more capable or more intelligent or more spiritual than women. It does not mean that. It does not mean that women don’t have opinions or that they don’t express those opinions or give input to situations. Your husband needs your input and your ideas.

It does mean learning to express them respectfully. Not nagging. Not belittling. Not manipulating. As a friend of mine used to say to me, put your cards on the table and then take your hands off. That’s a good picture that’s helped me.

Submission does not mean that the men in authority, whether in the church or in the home, are always right. They aren’t. They’re sometimes and often wrong. They sin, as do we. Submission does not mean blind obedience. It does not mean that we sin in order to submit. It doesn’t mean that you overlook sin in the authority.

Submission doesn’t rule out gently, humbly, and wisely confronting sinful behavior in the authority or bringing it to the attention of civil leaders or spiritual authorities with the goal of bringing the one in authority to repentance and restoration. There are appropriate ways to confront and deal with and appeal to an authority that is in sin.

Submission does not mean that women are to be submissive to all men, only to those that God has placed in authority over them in the home and in the church, though we are to show honor and respect to all men and, for that matter, all women.

Submission is not a license for those in authority to be abusive or domineering or disrespectful of those under their authority. And submission is more than just not actively rebelling against your husband’s authority or the church leaders’ authority. It’s more than just acquiescing to him when you disagree with him. It’s more than allowing him to make decisions without resisting.

Submission is not a mindless, spineless action. Submission is what Rebecca Jones calls active, positive obedience and radical honor in an article she wrote called Submission: A Lot More Than Giving In. We’ve linked to that article on ReviveOurHearts.com. Active, positive obedience. Radical honor.

It’s manifesting the same spirit that Christ exhibits toward His Father. Knowing and honoring His heart, the heart of the authority, wholeheartedly supporting and joyfully aligning yourself with that leader. Participating with him to further and to advance his passions and desires as he follows Christ.

Listen, men are never given absolute or ultimate authority. The only one who has absolute and ultimate authority is God. All human authority is delegated authority.

So authority, whether it’s a pastor or an elder or a husband or any other kind of leader, government official or an employer, does not give absolute rights. It does not give a right to disobey God or to lead others into sin. It’s limited authority.

But our responsibility as those who submit to authority, insofar as they do not lead us into sin, is to wholeheartedly, actively follow the leadership; to have a disposition, inclination to support their leadership.

And submission is not to be coerced. Nowhere does God in the Scripture tell men that they are to rule over their wives. It’s to be voluntarily, freely given. That’s why Scripture says to women submit yourselves to your own husbands.

I love that verse in Hebrews 13, verse 17, which is in the context of the church. I think it has broader application here. It says,

Obey your leaders [or as some translations say “those who rule over you, those who guide you”] and submit to them, for they are keeping watch over your souls, as those who will have to give an account. Let them do this with joy and not with groaning [or grief], for that would be of no advantage to you.

That suggests to me that to obey and submit to our leaders is to our advantage and when we don’t submit to their leadership, we lose something. We miss out on something. Spiritual leaders in the church have the God-given responsibility to lead, to guide, to rule over their flock. These men are under God’s authority. They are responsible, and it’s a high and holy responsibility to watch over our souls.

Your husband has that responsibility for your family whether he takes it or not. God has given him the responsibility to care for the condition—the spiritual condition—of his flock, of those under his care. And those leaders will have to give account to God in the judgment for how they have led, for how they have ruled and for the spiritual condition of their flock.

We are to follow. We are to obey their teaching, to listen to and to heed their counsel, to submit ourselves to their leadership and authority. And we will have to give account for how we follow and how we submit.

I think what we need to understand is that the concept of submission is a gift. It is designed by God for our blessing and for our benefit. Now granted, it’s a fallen, sinful world and things go awry so it doesn’t always work in the way that God intended it should because we’re sinful. Men are sinful. Women are sinful.

But we need to step back and look at God’s original divine ideal picture and remind ourselves that God is wise. God is good. He loves us. He has our best interests at heart. If you ask women, do you want your husband to be a godly, responsible leader, to exercise sacrificial love and to willingly assume responsibility for the protection and provision of your family, what would most say?

Absolutely. Am I right? Yes, that would be wonderful, right? But then ask them to submit to their husband’s leadership and direction and that concept seems threatening, irrational, unfair, oppressive, restrictive, maybe even barbaric. Am I right?

Debi Pryde, who has done some writing on this says,

A wife really can’t have one without the other. As a general rule, the less freedom a husband has to exercise the authority God has given to him as a husband, the less sense of responsibility he will have to protect and provide for a wife.1

Since the Fall, since the Garden, men have always struggled with the issue of submitting to God when it comes to exercising godly servant leadership in their homes. There’s been a tendency on the part of men to abdicate that responsibility and be passive, to disengage.

And since Genesis 3, the Fall, the Garden, women have struggled to submit to God’s authority by graciously submitting to the authority and leadership of their husbands. Our proclivity, our inclination, our temptation and tendency has been to be controlling.

Failure on both parts—men and women—has created this cycle that has resulted in deep heartache and conflict and dysfunction in both men and women. Submission takes us to a place of humility and faith.

Humility—it doesn’t have to be my way. It can be God’s way. I don’t have to be in charge. And faith—I trust in the goodness and the sovereignty, the wisdom, and the plan of God. It ultimately comes to a point of surrender. Not to a man, but to God.

You see, we want to reserve the right to make a final decision. Surrender means the willingness to relinquish control and to trust that, as Proverbs 21:1 tells us, “The king’s heart is in the hand of the LORD, as the rivers of waters: he turneth it whithersoever he will” (KJV). To trust that God is greater, God is bigger than that human authority. Even if that human authority botches it, and sometimes they will, to trust that my life is in God’s hands.

Let me just read to you an email we received not long ago from a listener who wraps it up this way. She says,

I’ve been married for almost 43 years. For 35 of those years I was angry and frustrated and felt defeated. But when I finally gave my marriage to the Lord, He began teaching me the truth about submission.

He showed me that all along I was fighting against what I wanted the most—a loving husband and a joy-filled marriage. Thank God, my husband wouldn’t let me “emasculate” him by being angry and trying to take control when it was never mine to have in the first place. I now sigh in relief that I am not responsible for his role. I am only responsible for mine. I love the word submission. I am now free to be the loving and supportive “helper” God designed for me to be.

There are two words that God has used to help me more than any other. [The first word is] respect: it builds our men up for their leadership role. [Second word] submission: which gives them the opportunity to lead. When I learned how to show respect to him and for his position as my head, and I stepped under him in submission, he blossomed. These are the best years of our marriage.

And they can be the best years of your life too. The ultimate submission here is our submission to God. Do you trust Him enough to say, as Jesus did to His Father, “O God, I delight to do Your will”? Whatever that means. Whatever it looks like. As you trust Him, then you will be able to walk in biblical, godly, powerful submission to the authorities that God has placed in your life.

Leslie: Nancy Leigh DeMoss has been describing biblical submission—what it is and what it isn’t. That message is part of a series on the True Woman Manifesto. I hope you’ll download this important document for yourself. Add your name to it online and then pass this message on to others.

Nancy , that’s the kind of momentum we describe when we talk about the True Woman movement.

Nancy: Yes. I heard a great example of this recently from a pastor’s wife who lives in Maine. She had been through some Revive Our Hearts’ material with the women in her church and wrote to tell us that among our teaching they had come across the place where I’ve written about how in every situation we can choose whether we respond by worshiping or whining. She said,

I was touched so deeply by that insight that I created worship or whine posters. [They hung some in the church and gave some to the ladies to take to their homes.] I’ve even made business card-size copies to keep in our pockets and purses. The message is simple, to the point, and we’re finding it stops us in our tracks when we’re faced with a challenge—to worship or to whine.

I’m so thankful for the way that God is using the various outreaches from Revive Our Hearts and multiplying the effectiveness of this message in some pretty creative ways. It’s listeners like you who make all this possible through your financial support. You allow us to speak God’s truth on the radio and to develop resources for women that they can use in a variety of ways.

Now as I’ve been sharing with you over the past couple of weeks, our ability to minister effectively over the coming months is being challenged by a budget shortfall that we’re facing as we come to the end of our fiscal year. In order to close our books in the black on May 31, we need the Lord to provide $350,000.

Would you consider helping us to meet that need. We don’t want in any way to put any pressure on you but are just asking if you would ask the Lord what He would have you to give. As you give, you’ll help us continue speaking powerfully into the lives of women all across this country and around the world.

Leslie: When you donate any amount, we’ll show our gratitude by sending the book Nancy edited called Voices of the True Woman Movement. The book comes from messages delivered at the True Woman ’08 conference. Learn how to incorporate the ideas of the Manifesto by hearing from speakers like Joni Eareckson Tada, John Piper, and many others.

Ask for the book when you call with your donation. The number is 1-800-569-5959, or you can donate online at ReviveOurHearts.com.

Cindy Easley interviewed several women who model submission, and she discovered they all had very different personalities and situations.

Cindy Easley: One woman is the primary breadwinner. Another one has an amazing amount of power in her workplace. So you understand that it’s not that you’re giving up who you are or your identity or your giftedness or your strengths. It’s that you’re learning how to hone them in a way that will encourage your husband to be what God intended him to be, encouraging his leadership.

Leslie: Hear from Cindy tomorrow on Revive Our Hearts.

Revive Our Hearts is an outreach of Life Action Ministries.

All Scripture is taken from the English Standard Version unless otherwise noted.

The Presence of God – Jeremiah 29:11-13

We must always desire the presence of the Lord God in every area of our life.

That which we seek determines the nature of our search . If we seek financial wealth. our activities must include hand work, disciplined saving, and sound investments. If our goal is physical fitness, another type of program helps us to attain it. And if we desire to know God, we must seek Him in earnest worship, Bible study, and prayer.

Never stop seeking the Lord God

whenever we find ourselves in a hard place in life. The Lord God is right there waiting to receive our call for His helping hands.

A theology professor once said, “You may hear the voice of God without devoting yourself to the spiritual discipline of prayer, Scripture study, and worship, but if you do, it will be by accident.” The question one must ask self’ is do we dare leave our relationship with God to accident?

It’s my prayer today you’ll be built up in your personal relationship with the Lord God in a really mighty way in Christ Jesus, the Lord of lord’s and the King of king’s. Also, please feel free to contact me with any prayer request you night have. I’ll be glad to stand in believer’s prayer with you concerning your prayer needs. Here’s the ministry email address: robertmcauthorministries@aol.com. God bless.

Criticism Can Be Dangerous If Not Used Right

God can break you free of the stronghold of anything
Never allow others to have total control of your life. Give the Lord Jesus Christ your heart an He'll do the right.

So why do you condemn another Christian? Why do you look down on another Christian? Remember, each of us will stand personally before the judgment seat of God. For the Scriptures say, “As surely as I live, says the Lord, every knee will bow to me and every tongue will confess allegiance to God.” 

Yes, each of us will have to give a personal account to God. So don’t condemn each other anymore. Decide instead to live in such a way that you will not put an obstacle in another Christian’s path (Romans 14:10-13).

CRITICISM

ROMANS 14:10

Paul devotes a lengthy section of his letter to guidelines for criticism. Why? Because because nothing has the power to destroy a person’s self-worth like criticism. Criticism is dangerous when our opinions about someone’s fault are presented as facts. In our insistence upon making our point, we often fashion our words into weapons that hurt others.

GodPaul says that before we criticize, there ought to be a great struggle within us to determine whether our motives are pure and if there really is a valid reason to criticize. Does it give you a good feeling to criticize this person? If so, then your criticism is probably out of line.

Are you forcing yourself to speak up only because you know this person needs to hear about what you’ve observed? Then you are probably giving criticism out of love, and you will carefully choose your words. Above all, we are warned not to put ourselves in God’s place.

Much knowledge about others is simply out of our reach; it is the Holy Spirit’s job to sift through human thoughts and motives, and convict people of their sin. You are not God and should not try to do God’s work for Him.

Let Your Speech Be Consistently Kind and Encouraging


TALK  – JAMES 3:1-12

How many children have had their fragile self-esteem shattered by the words of an angry parent? How many marriages are fractured because the routine, predictable conflicts of life explode into relational battlefields as one or both of the parents use words to hurt, accuse, or abuse rather than communicate?

God always has a awesome plan in store just for you my friend. God bless.

God always has a awesome plan in store just for you my friend. God bless.

This passage would almost be humorous if it were not so devastatingly true. James is teaching Christians that how we talk to each other matters and that our words are among Satan’s favorite tools. We are to submit our speech to the guidance and conviction of the Holy Spirit.

Are there any habits or patterns in your speech that needs to be confessed and submitted to God? How might someone else’s life be changed for the better if your speech were to become consistently kind and encouraging?